Eric Baker

Hints & tips

v7.3  28 November 2019  © Eric Baker

How do I decide what format for digital music?

Some people are purists and want the max quality - I believe they go for FLAC, a compressed but lossless format. Ogg is the best lossy, compressed format by all accounts, used by Spotify for streaming. But it's not widely supported. I first went for wma, an efficient but lossy Microsoft format, and later regretted it. Others stick with Apple (AAC) format, the default in iTunes and similar to wma in terms of size vs quality. If you want to burn to a CD it's got to be WAV format (Apple has an equivalent, AIFF). I saw the light, saw that disk capacity was soaring fast so efficiency does not matter any longer and went for high quality mp3 for all my stored digital music. It's lossy and you have to create larger files for the same quality compared with wma or AAC. But so what. Mp3 works pretty much everwhere on anything. Similarly in the car it's very happy with mp3s on memory pens but will not touch wma or AAC. So a lot of people have a lot of work to do, getting all their digital music into mp3 format.

Sure, mp3 file sizes are bigger but if you choose the VBR (Variable Bit Rate) option it's not that bad and phones and hard disks get bigger every year. I've settled for high quality VBR MP3 from now on - the files are around 60% bigger than decent quality wma or AAC but if anything sound better. And I don't care too much about the size - it's flexibility I want. My stored music has to work on my next music player, my next mobile phone, my wifi radio, my next car stereo, our Sonos system and so on. There are patents attracting mp3 royalties but only for commercial implementations.

Nowadays I mostly buy music as a download, not as a CD, and we also subscribe to Spotify (30 million tracks!) I used to be with Deezer but got fed up with its poor search facilities. There are plenty of options for ripping CDs to high quality mp3, including Windows Media Player, iTunes and VLC. I use the superb, free AudioGrabber with the equally free Lame encoder.


Set to MP3 VBR 1 (its second highest quality setting) the music files are still compact enough (around 1.5Mb per minute) and sound excellent. Played on a big hi-fi and speakers and flicking between the MP3 and the original CD track the only difference I could detect was a slightly clearer stereo sound stage from the CD.

How do I get music onto my phone or music player?

Nowadays my main route is to run Spotify on my phone and download loads of our many playlists onto it so we can play them off-line, in the car or anywhere without a good/cheap internet connection.

I've also ripped all the CDs we own, plus added tracks bought online to my PC's SSD. From there they are available throughout the house via Sonos and can also be copied to a phone, tablet or music player.

If you use iTunes, before you rip your first CD go to Preferences and find the setting to switch from AAC to mp3 with VBR. Experiment to get the best balance between file size and sound quality (probably erring on the high quality side).

Sonos amp plus speaker

Internet radio stations

Do I need a music player?

Up to you. Music is consumed in so many ways now, eg increasingly on mobile phones or tablets. I've got similar music collections on my Android phone and tablet and music player. But it's my tiny Sansa Clip music players I much prefer for mp3 audio files. They are very small and unlike a touch device I can control one easily by touch in a pocket as I know where all the controls are. With my phone I can change the volume OK by feel but have to get it out and fire up the screen to pause it or change track - very crude!

My main aim is to be future proofed, eg by storing music as mp3 rather than wma or AAC. I also far prefer being in charge, simply dragging folders across to a music player rather than being in the hands of some program that attempts to synchronise across multiple devices. But since getting a phone with huge a storage capacity (128GB internal memory plus a 128GB microSD card) I'm often using the phone as my main source. For mp3 audio files copied to the phone I use the BlackPlayer app as swiping sideways soon gets you to Genre - all our audio files have a genre of classical, rock or audiobook so it's easy to focus on the type of audio you're after.

But nowadays I find the simlest way to enjoy music on the move, car, plane, holiday or whatever, is simply to download our dozens of Spotify playlist so they are available offline.

Sansa Clip+ music player

How do I listen to internet radio?

You can listen through a browser, or iTunes (free to download) has an excellent internet radio mode - make a new playlist and drag favourite stations into it. Then shrink it to a little on-screen radio.

Nowadays there is a growing choice of radios that will access internet radio stations via your wifi router. The Roberts on the right will connect wirelessly to your router and thence to lots of internet radio stations. It will also play music from your computer (mp3 or wma but not AAC). I've got a Megablast portable speakerwith Alexa in my bathroom so I can just say "Alexa, play Classic FM from Tunein" and we have loads of internet radio stations set up as Sonos Favourites.

Internet radio

Internet radio

Roberts wifi radio

How to I pipe music round the house?

When we moved into our Brentford apartment we went Sonos, starting with just a Play:3 unit (which can be stereo on its own or one of a stereo pair). We've also got the Sonos Bridge for extra stability. Now we've got the Sonos Connect:Amp with two biggish floorstander speakers and three Play:3s that are easy to move around. There are alternatives to Sonos but we've found it rock solid - no dropoutts and perfect sound sync when you join speakers together to play the same thing.

We control Sonos from any of our computers, tablets or phones. On the left you decide which devices to play through, in the middle (on the Windows version) is your queue of tracks to play and on the right your sources of music. The main ones are Music Library (our entire CD collection in mp3 format plus tracks bought online, on a PC) and Spotify (30 million tracks online). There's also internet radio and I mainly use Sonos favourites for internet radio stations. We've also made lots of Spotify playlists. Obviously it helps to have fast, unlimited broadband - ours is both.

Sonos Play:3

How do I capture plays, music etc off the internet?

Podcasts are intended to be downloaded and listened to later, perhaps on a music player. Streamed internet radio, plays etc are more intended for current listening but the streamed audio can also be stored with the right software to capture it to an mp3 or WAV (CD) file.

There are a few free recorders around but this is one area where it's probably better to go for paid software such as Total Recorder.

Making such recordings is a bit of a grey area legally but if it's just time shifting and for personal use there shouldn't be any problems. The only theoretical problem is that copyright holders can sometimes be paranoid and their terms and conditions may try to ban routine time shifting for personal use. Even the BBC, totally owned/funded by us UK BBC licence fee payers, tries to restrict us to listening again to plays etc tethered to a computer rather than motoring along the highway. Duh!

Radiotracker is another interesting way of getting music off the net, supposedly completely legally - you tell it what to look for and it scours internet radio stations worldwide and downloads matching tracks it finds to mp3, trying to fade out the disc jockeys talking over the beginning and end of tracks.

But buying tracks online is so cheap and since we went Deezer, then Spotify, we rarely buy any music.

How do I edit audio tracks?

You may need to do this because you want to make a quiet track louder on a compilation, to split a huge sound file sucked in off an old vinyl LP into separate tracks or just to fade out the self indulgent last four minutes on a golden oldie track (sorry, Bob - a friend/Dylan fan was scandalised).

For these sorts of jobs I use the wonderful and totally free Audacity editor:

Note that it edits mp3 and wav (CD format) and ogg but not wma or AAC. Its help says "Audacity cannot import or export files in WMA, AAC, ...or most other proprietary formats, or any kind of Digital Rights Management (DRM) protected file, including many purchased online such as on iTunes... Because of licensing and patent restrictions, we are not allowed to add these formats to Audacity." That reinforces my policy of having all digital audio in CD or mp3 format.

How do I edit the hidden track information?

Mp3, AAC and wma tracks have hidden information in them showing artist, genre, album etc. That helps your music player offer various navigation options. On my Sansa Clip+ music player it works well with the ID3 tags in MP3 tracks but not with wma tracks, another reason I re-ripped all our CDs to mp3.

What if you want to edit the hidden information? I've needed to do this when I've converted vinyl LPs to CD and also when I've wanted to change the genre for a whole album (I tend to stick to Rock or Classical as genres rather than Rock, Folk-Rock, Indie, Alt-Country etc). My favourite ID3 editor is the free Media Monkey program shown below. It makes editing ID3 tags very easy, by track or album.

Mobile, Winamp